Our Intrepid Traveller; a client’s account of Africa – Part 6

On the road to Kayak Africa camp we saw Open Billed Stork, 3 Hammerkop on Fever Tree branch (Fever tree is light  green and the bark is cooked with water for a tea for fevers), sausage trees, huge Baobab trees (and these had leaves since I am here in rainy season; usually they are just bare branches), gorgeous flamboyant trees, Spur-winged Goose, Egyptian Goose, Lesser Spotted Eagle, Lilac Breasted Roller, Brown throated weaver, Pied Kingfisher, Euphorbia ingens (Common tree Euphorbia or Candelabra Euphorb).

All over Malawi, there are raised ridges in the roads when coming to and leaving large villages to wake you up  or to let you know to slow down, etc.  Michael calls these “sleeping police.”

We entered Lake Lalawi National Park.  The lake is 580 km long and 140 km wide and is overfished.  Even with overfishing, there are over 1000 ciclids in the lake.  The park is covered with Brachystegia (Sasa tree) on the hillsides and has huge granite rocky boulders and outcrops.  Had lunch at Cape Maclear at the Gecko Lodge Restaurant.  Had fish and chips with a Lake Malawi fish.  From there I was transferred to a boat which looked like it might not make it from where it was tied up, much less for a 50 min. boat ride to Mumbo Island.  Once there, you see Mumbo which isn’t very large, and then Jumbo which is a very small, island connected to Mumbo by a 150’ wooden bridge.  This is where the 5 cottages are located and all have views of the Lake and Mumbo Island.  There are loads of birds and Mr. and Mrs. Bulbul have their territory just above my tent.  The largest non-bird thing on the island is the water monitor (Varanus niloticus).   Sorry, PH, it is a BIG lizard!!  There is a rainbow skink which is just gorgeous.  It has a light blue tail and when the sun hits its body it turns iridescent.   The only mammals are a fruit bat and otters (which I didn’t see).

The tents have two single beds and two tables inside, two chairs and a hammock outside on the deck, and the bathroom is about 10 steps away.  It is open air.  The toilet is a long-drop and when you are finished, you just throw in a handful of wood shavings.  The whole set up is “green” as there is no electricity or generator.  The kitchen works with propane gas.  After dark you have lanterns or flashlights and you go to bed early!  The showers are literally 2- 2 1/2 gall. tin buckets with a welded pipe with a shower head and faucet to turn the water on and off.  When you want a shower, you have to let the staff know ahead of time.    The tents are built on massive granite boulders.

Oh, and did I tell you I am the only person here????

Ok, so it is HOT.  I climbed into my bathing suit, grabbed mask and snorkel,  and figured the lake would be cold.  Not so,  I snorkeled all the way around Jumbo Island to see the ciclids.  Only one was of note to me–a bright blue with black vertical stripes.  The others were a bit mottle colored.  Sorry, DR!

Animals:  Hammerkop, Rainbow Skink, another lizard.

Dinner was coconut milk chicken, rice, salad, fruit, and fresh homemade rolls.

That night I thought it was pouring rain and kept putting off going out of the tent to the bathroom.  About 4 a.m., just had to bite the bullet.  Turns out it was the wind and waves sounding like rain.

Next morning we took a boat around Mumbo Island.  They have 8 pr. of African Fish Eagles on the island, White breasted Cormorant, Cape Cormorant, Black Kite, Sand Piper, 4 Pied Kingfishers on a branch, Water Dikkop, Grey Heron, juvenile African Fish Eagle, African Paradise Flycatcher.

Afternoon tried kayaking.  Then another boat ride around the island and for sunset.  more Pied KF’s, more African FE’s, Masked Weaver Red-winged Starling and a nice sunset.  Dinner of mashed potatoes, carrots, salad, herbed chicken, and homemade rolls and fruit, and joining us were geckos.

What’s happening at Governor’s Camp in the Masai Mara?

The Masai Mara had some heavy rain up until the end of the month then the weather dried out and we had a week of glorious weather. The temperature averaged about 28 degrees Celsius and we received 191.5mm of rainfall over the month of May. The Mara River rose almost to capacity a few times mostly due to rain at the source in the Mau forest on the western escarpment of the Rift Valley. All this rain followed by sunshine has caused a flurry of growth out on the plains and the savannah grasses are fantastically long, the red oats grasses are showing their fruiting seed, giving an orange tinge to the plains towards the Serengeti.

Birding has been great this month with a few species hatching young chicks and teaching their fledglings how to gather the abundant insects that are about. We still have hundreds of Open-Billed Storks in the marsh as well as a small flock of White Storks preparing for their flight back to Europe. The Jacksons Widow Bird male has been hopping up and down in the grass displaying to females, as well as many of the Fantailed and a few White-Winged Widow birds. Some of the less common birds seen were the Leviallant’s Cuckoo, Marshal Eagle, Dark-Chanting Goshawk, Grey-Headed Bush Shrike and Double-Toothed Barbet.

There are three herds of buffalo in our area at the moment, one herd is remaining close to the Marsh and it numbers around 600 individuals and two herds above the ridge numbering 300 and 200 individuals.

Massive herds of Elephants have been milling around the Musiara Marsh area and moving up to Rhino Ridge eating the grass on the plains. We have had a large presence of bull elephants, some a little testy and in musth, but mostly just content to eat alongside the female herds. A couple of mating sessions was witnessed, which is an incredible sight.

With all the elephant and buffalo manure to take care of we have had an influx of the larger species of dung beetle. They are not seen as regularly rolling their balls along, but simply dig below a prospective meal as the ground is soft in most places. The dung beetle will stash their ball below the surface and lay an egg, this will eventually hatch and the larvae will feed on the dung until it metamorphosis’s and digs its way up to the surface as an adult.

The hyena packs are fairly scattered as they are mostly scavenging at this time of year. There is one hyena den site close to the airstrip with three small black pups and two larger ones just changing colour now at about seven months or so. The scavenging took on a large scale this month when some of our guests had an incredible sighting of twenty three hyena chasing three lions off a buffalo kill, the noise and energy were unbelievable.

The Marsh Pride have scattered a bit this month, only being seen in two’s and three’s. At the beginning of the month they were spending their time in the plains close to the Marsh, and then they moved into Masai Land bordering the Masai Mara Game Reserve where their territory extends up to Leopard Gorge and to the west. In these areas the grass has been mostly grazed down by Masai cattle making perfect grazing conditions for plains game. Big herds of zebra have come in to these areas from the Loita Plains area in the east, all this game has been an attraction for the Marsh Pride. Towards the end of the month most of the pride headed back to the Musiara Marsh area.

The Ridge Pride have been seen more frequently in their usual, smaller territory. There seem to be the two pride males, three females and three cubs. They have had some lean times, but are doing well enough with the large numbers of warthog in the area.

The Paradise Pride are doing exceptionally well, they have spent more time as a pride as their hunting tactics differ. They have become specialist hippo hunters managing to take down three hippos during May. There is also plenty of plains game in their territory, as the grass is shorter in a few areas. The six males are still together, although sometimes spending time apart from each other. We are not certain which males, but certainly the younger ones cross the river to visit another pride of females. Having a coalition of six males, they most definitely call the shots in that area.
The three cheetah brothers have spent most of their time up on the high plains. This area has been slightly grazed down by the large herds of topi and other plains game that have continued to stay in this preferred area. This area gives them a great vantage point to see predators and they have added security of safety in numbers. The three boys have obviously been attracted by the bounty of prey on these plains. They have had some success hunting Topi on the shorter grass, but have mainly been concentrating on the warthog in the bordering longer grass.

There has been a single female cheetah in our area which we believe to be pregnant. A second lesser known female was also seen within our area with two cubs of about eight or nine months old.

Shakira and her cubs have not been sighted, we are sure they must still be on the west side of the Mara River. The river has been high for many months prohibiting her movement back onto our side.

This month we enjoyed some wonderful leopard sightings close to the camps with two leopards regularly making an appearance. The large male made his presence felt between the forest and the Marsh and the female leopard, which we have become well acquainted with, has frequented the Ilmoran area and the small patch of forest in the Marsh near ‘Lake Nakuru.’

Back in camp a family of giraffe have been regular night visitors sleeping on the grass in front of the plains tents giving guests a wonderful view in the early mornings.

What’s happening in the Okavango Delta?

After nearly 30 years of low flows, interspersed with occasional average flows and then the highs of 2008 and 2009, this wetland is receiving a record inflow in 2010 – a hugely important event for the biodiversity of the Okavango and northern Botswana in general.

The flood is an eagerly anticipated annual phenomenon. The level of each year’s flood is primarily dependant on rainfall in the catchment areas in Angola as well as rainfall over the Delta itself and there is a distinct short and long term cycle to the inflows and flooding patterns of the Okavango and associated river systems.

The extent and duration of the previous season’s rainfall and flood also have a major effect on the ensuing season. As 2008 and 2009 were both above average flood years, this has collectively led to this so-called ‘super year’ of 2010. These “wet” cycles usually last 10-15 years, so 2010 is about
three years into the wet cycle, moving out of the dry cycle experienced between 1985 and 2005.
What is truly exciting is that the water levels of 2010 are going to be on a par with those last seen
in the 1970s, primarily due to the following:

• The current high water tables as a result of both 2008 and 2009 inputs from flood and
• Increased inflows from the two feeding Angolan rivers (Cubango and Quito) in 2010 which
have arrived earlier than usual in the Delta.
• Above average rains over the Okavango Delta itself, with intense rainfall events as late as
April (rainfall recorded exceeded 890mm for the season).

This very special occurrence, cyclical in nature, is much needed in maintaining greater biodiversity.  The annual flooding regimes retain the very essence of the Okavango Delta – a veritable Garden of Eden. The effects are fantastic, as large grassland areas and floodplains that have not been inundated for many years and even decades, become flooded, and a continued recharge of groundwater takes place. The Okavango Delta will be gradually inundated with crystal clear, lifegivingwater. Islands will be rejuvenated and distal lakes like Ngami and Mababe will fill. Linked to Mababe and fed from the Linyanti/Kwando system the Savute Channel can be expected to have a major increase in flows, resuscitating the famed Savute Marsh at the terminal end of the channel.

The Selinda Spillway has now also joined up with the Savute Channel for only the 2nd time in 30 years.  Grassy plains can be expected to be flooded by mid 2010, and important changes in vegetation structures and the resultant movement of animal life will occur. All over northern Botswana the effects will be felt, but for Wilderness Safaris concessions, we are working hard at preparing (and
in some cases already prepared) for these changes to this unique wetland.

Our intrepid traveller; a client’s account of Africa – Part 5

Malawi Background: There are 12 million people in the small country; 1/2 million in the capital so there must be a lot of people per square kilometer in the rest of the country.

There are 12 tribes. Chewa is the largest and is in Tanzania and Mozambique as well. It is their language, Chechewa that is the national language but The Queen’s English is taught in school and widely spoken. Others are Yawo, Sena , Lomwe in the Southern and central areas. Northern tribes are Ngonei, Tumvuka, Tonga, Ngonde, Lambiya, and Sukwa. I don’t know what the other 2 are. Some tribes have the wife going to the husband’s home after a dowery to the bride’s parents and the children would stay with the father in case of a divorce. Others have the husband going to live with the wife’s parents and the children would stay with the wife in case of a divorce. There is no dowery. The husband is just for procreation! In Michael’s case, his is a matrilineal tribe, the Lambiya. He is the chief’s oldest son, but his children would NOT inherit the Chiefdom. His sister’s son(s) would. And in times past, he would have had to pay for her kids schooling to be sure they went to the right schools and had the best education while his kids would have been taken care of by an uncle who wouldn’t necessarily do right by them.

Malawi is chiefly an agricultural country with very little industry. For export they grow tobacco and tea. Almost all of those two crops leave the country. The tobacco is cured and sent out in its entirety. It is processed outside the country. Not many of the Malawians smoke; probably cannot afford the cigarettes. Other large agricultural crops are sugar cane and macadamia (Michael says he doesn’t see macadamia nuts in the stores either.) Other industries are sunflower cooking oil, plastics, cement, and tourism, which is growing rapidly. For food the people raise cassava, vegs, sweet potato, bananas, pineapple, mangos and other fruits. Everyone has his own plot of corn and there is lots of clearing of land for this. Even if you live in the city and work there, you will have a plot of land where you grow your own corn; you are considered very, very poor if you have to buy corn. They use it to make flour from which a staple is a type of mashed corn, sort of like our mashed potatoes.

There are 4 good colleges/universities in the country.

Modes of transportation is mainly bicycles and walking. There are bicycle taxis which will take you from the main roads to your village up to 10-15 kilometers for $1.50 to $2. That would be one difficult job!

Most people make $50 to $100 per month. They live hand to mouth. Most houses are mudbrick or fire hardened brick with thatched roofs. A few have windows, most are just about 12×12 and only a door. There is no electricity to most of the villages and water is pumped from the village well. They use wood and charcoal to cook. Probably don’t need fire to keep warm, even in winter.

The country is 85% Christian and 15% Muslim.

Approx. 12% of the country has HIV/Aids, which is pretty good. Some of the African countries are three times that and more.

Education is mandatory for primary 1-8 grades. They have to pass a Standard 8 Exam at the end of 8th to be allowed to go on to Secondary school which they call Secondary 1-4. They must pass an exam after Secondary 2 to go on to Sec. 3. Another after Sec. 3 to go to Sec. 4. After Sec. 4, they have to pass an exam to go to college/university. If they fail, they cannot repeat the class at the same school, unless, of course, it is a private school, which will be happy to relieve you of some more of your money. Therefore, most students, when they don’t pass, drop out of school at that point.

Michael doesn’t own a refrigerator.

Our intrepid traveller; a client’s account of Africa – Part 4

January 7th
This morning after breakfast of bacon, fried tomato, toast, pancakes, cereal, bananas, and papaya. We drove for 3 hr. to Zomba Plateau and staying at Ku Chawe Inn.

Before we left I took photos of the giant snails crawling on the sides of the house. One of them had about a 5” shell and was splayed out about 8 inches as he crawled along. The mountains were shrouded in mist.

The roads are very good, unlike Uganda, Kenya, and South Africa. Most of the women don’t use a ring of cloth to help them balance their baskets, buckets, or water jugs. Their posture is incredible and they can balance what seems like anything going up and down hills, walking barefoot, and carrying a baby tied on their backs. Speaking of which, one almost never sees the babies squirming or crying. They are very passive. What are we Americans doing wrong???

Saw bicyclists that bike 120 km RT to Blantyre to sell their goods.

During day saw, Hammerkop, White Stork, Southern Red Bishop, Yellow Bishop, Blue Spotted Dove, White Throated Twinspot, Familiar Chat, and 2 baboons.

After arriving in Zomba, the old capital of Malawi and the old British colonial capital, we drove to the Emperor’s View (King Selassie I visited in 1965) and the Queen’s View about 100 meters apart located on the plateau high above the town. At the Emperor’s View, the mist cleared for about 10 minutes so that I could take a few photos of the vista and Lake Chilwa in the distance; the Queen’s View was socked in when we got there a few minutes later, so I called it “No View.”

I was the only caucasian I have seen for the past two days. Buffet for dinner.

January 8th

All the last few days excursions have been on 4 wheel drive 1-lane roads. Today we headed out toward Chingwe’s Hole going about 1-5 kph. After about 20 minutes both of us saw a ball in a tree in the distance about the same time. He had told me there were Blue Monkeys in the plateau forest but they were very shy and one almost never sees them so I had figured Diane wouldn’t get to see them. Well, Blue Monkey morning! There was a whole troop in about 5 trees. And we even had the male in charge issue many warning calls to us and his troop. We were there about a half hour.

The hole is on one of the plateaus and about 15 feet across. It is concealed with trees and bushes now. Not sure about before. The drop is about 20 feet that you can see and it divides into two more holes to either side. So the story goes, when people died of leprosy, no one wanted to touch them so the person was tied to a pole and carried to this hole and thrown in. During the rainy season, people’s bodies and parts would turn up at this village about 15 km away in a tributary leading to the Shire River. This happened so often the name of the village became Dead Body Village and to this day that is what the village is called. In 18th/19th centuries people decided to see where the two holes came out to see if that answered how the bodies got down to the tributary. Several men tried to be lowered into each hole but at some point several hundred feet down, the hole became so small that they could go no further. So, obviously there is an underground river/stream but no one has yet found its beginning.

In the afternoon we went to the Zomba Dam to look for birds. It was EXTREMELY quiet–no herons, no nothing except for the swifts flying.

Today saw the Blue Monkeys, Jameson’s Firefinch, Natal Lily, Golden Bristlegrass, Cape Penduline Tit, Black Headed Oriole, Common Stonechat, White-browed Robin-Chat, Flame Lily, Red-collared Widowbird, Red-backed Mannikin, Pin-tailed Whydah, Variable (Yellow Bellied) Sunbird, and Black Headed Bulbul.

Tonight was buffet again with chicken, beef, fish, vegs., rice, a lasagna type of pasta, etc.

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Images couresy of Dana Allen.

April in Botswana – Kwando sightings report…


The northern Kwando region has been home large numbers of zebra, giraffe, tsessebe and wildebeest which have been attracted by the excellent grazing resulting from the seemingly never ending rains. The relative absence of lions this month as they follow the buffalo herds means that Wild dog and leopards have been a regular sighting, including a large male found in a tree guarding his impala kill. The buffalo sightings remain sporadic due to the excessive water and grazing found in the mopane forests though guides have spotted small herds on several occasions.

An additional and unusual sighting made this month was the regular sighting of large herds of Livingstone’s eland. This is the largest member of the antelope family and is extremely shy, generally residing in dense forests. Sightings are therefore very unusual and often fleeting.


The above average number of zebra, giraffe and wildebeest in the region has led to an increase in the number of predators hunting a wide variety of game species. A mating pair of lion were found on giraffe kills on two separate occasions while several other male lions have been sighted this month stalking wildebeest. Several leopards were also followed on drives both during day and night drives as they stalked warthog and impala. The three cheetah brothers, not to be out done, were observed hunting wildebeest, while the three separate packs of wild dog were sighted hunting regularly and kills were made on lechwe and two kudu.

Further sightings of an eland herd, of approximately 20 animals, has also been spotted on more than one occasion. These sightings bode well for the eland population which is notoriously difficult to estimate due to their shy nature and the remoteness of their habitat


The Kwara concession continues to disprove that the commonly held view that the rainy season is not a good time of year to see game. Consistent quality game viewing in February and March continued in April with regular sightings of lion, cheetah, wild dog, leopard, hyena, honey badger and elephant. Of course there was also the usual lechwe, reedbuck, giraffe, zebra, tsessebe, wildebeest, warthog kudu, impala, hippo, crocodile, jackals, cobras, pythons, ostrich, ground hornbills and wattled crane to name but a few!!

Significant sightings included a lion pride chasing a male leopard up a tree and an incredible confrontation between two pack of wild dog, in which the heavily pregnant alpha female was targeted and almost killed. She was last seen with serious wounds and the guides are unsure whether she survived or not.

If this is the green season we can only imagine what the dry season holds in store!

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Exciting 9 night Kafue safari…!!!

Zambia’s Kafue National Park offers a truly remote wilderness safari with good game viewing, comfortable and reasonably priced accommodation.

To get the best out of the Kafue, we recommend a combination of three wonderful camps in the area, starting at Hippo Lodge which is located on the banks of the Kafue River. It’s a perfect destination for nature lovers, bird watchers and anglers alike. Days can be spent game-viewing on foot, by vehicle or boat. Guests can fish the Kafue hot spots, tick away at the bird list or unwind with a “sundowner” in the beautiful natural hot spring.

Hippo Lodge

Hippo Lodge is set in a remote wilderness, teeming with seasonal wildlife. The Zambian Ornithological Society has categorised Hippo Lodge as one of the best birding sites in Zambia – a real birdwatchers paradise.

The lodge is small and traditional with four stone and thatch cottages and two safari tents providing a choice in the style of accommodation. Located on the east bank of the Kafue River, the setting is idyllic with access to particularly remote areas of the Kafue National Park. The diversity of habitats supports a variety of wildlife, including hippo, crocodile, buffalo, elephant, lion and hyena.

Plains Camp

Guests would then be taken on a scenic road and boat journey to Plains Camp on the Busanga Plains – the only independent camp in the area. The Busanga Plains is a wetland area in the far north of Kafue and from July to October the plains are accessible by 4×4 safari vehicle.

Large groups of rarities like red lechwe and roan antelope are always present, as are huge herds of up to 1,000 buffalo, wildebeest, zebra and sometimes eland. Lion are abundant, along with cheetah hunting for their prey on the open plains.

The camp consists of four comfortable safari tents, complete with en-suite bathroom, hot water bucket showers and flush loo. The main boma area for dining and relaxation provides outstanding views across the huge plains and to the fig and palms opposite.

Plains Camp

The third leg of this exciting journey would be Manyukuyuku which is a charming and rustic camp, part Zambian owned. The camp is located on the southern edge of the Northern Sector of Kafue National Park, just 8 km from Mongu Road which allows year round access. Situated close to the banks of the Kafue River, alongside a highly wooded treeline, Manyukuyuku has magnificent views both up and downstream.

The large shady trees and the river’s boulders and rock formations make relaxing days all the more enjoyable and the area is rich in wildlife, so game viewing is a major attraction. The guestbook is brimming with sightings, especially lion, leopard and wild dog.

Opulent Africa’s 9 night Kafue safari costs from £2,295 per person and includes all road transfers, full board accommodation, safari activities and park fees. For more information on this itinerary or any of our current specials, please contact us.

Our intrepid traveller; a client’s account from Africa – Part 3

So far all the hotels and houses have had large shower heads with lots of holes which give the impression of being in a rain shower.  I really like that.  Maybe I should change mine out. 

We drove through the tea plantation which has 4 different types.  For miles it looks like a green undulating carpet.  Maybe that is the magic carpet?  The two I saw were India and Clonal.  The India was planted in 1939 and the Clonals were 1997 and 1999.   The tea pickers pick about 4 baskets a day at 10 kg per basket.  The baskets are strapped to their backs and they toss the tea leaves over their head into the basket.  When the basket is full it weighs about 12 kg (multiply by 2.2 to get pounds) and they carry it to a weigh station which is sometimes quite far from the field they are picking in.  Walk back and start again.  It is backbreaking work and they work 6 days a week but Sat. is only 1/2 day.  The best pickers can do their 40 kg in 5 hrs. and another 20 in the 8 hrs.  They pick the top 3 leaves that have sprouted above the bush since the last time the area was picked. 

 Michael taught me so phrases to talk to them.  ‘Monei’ is hello. ‘ Muli bwanje’ is how are you?  ‘Ndili bwino’ is I am fine, and ‘zicomo’ is thanks.  The pickers were extremely friendly.  When I waved and smiled they all waved and smiled.  Whenever they were beside the road waiting for their tea to be weighed, we stopped and I tried out my Chechewa.  The people loved it and laughed with me at my pronunciations, but they enjoyed that I tried. 

 We were on our way to the hydro plant which I got a tour of.  The three generators were builit in 1934, 1936, and 1948.  Then we headed to the Blue Lagoon, which was more like a Brown Lagoon.   Water was very silty and coffee colored. 

 Back to the lodge for lunch of chicken in a tomato sauce (I checked for termite flies!), rice, potatoes, baked squash.  After lunch it poured for about 25 minutes so we put off our exploration drive and walk to the Mviya Pools.  Bear in mind the soil is a large percentage of clay so it gets very slippery after a rain.  We drove to one of the tea pickers villages to meet our guide and begin our walk.  As soon as the kids and some adults saw me, they all started running toward me and I had half the village surrounding me.  They all kept saying “hello” just to hear me say it back to them.  They followed us for about 10 minutes before the guide told them to go back to the village.  We walked through tea and corn fields on narrow, slippery foot paths used by the villagers.   In the corn fields they actually had 3 crops:  the corn, beans, and cassava.  That way they have nitrogen from the beans, but I don’t think that is why; they just want to harvest the corn, and then the beans are ready to be harvested, and then the cassava.  

 It was uphill and down.  Reminded me of trekking the gorillas a little.  I slipped and fell once on the way and on the way back.  Second time we were crossing a stream on rocks and the guide was holding my hand and was pulling me a little too fast.   My foot hit the wet rock and slipped and over the big rock I went.  The guide had one arm and Michael came and grabbed the other to yank me back up.  Got a couple of superficial skinned knees.  There are 7  pools which cascade down the hillside.  One is supposedly 14 meters deep.  At the bottom the swifts were flying over the lagoon area.  When we got back to the village the kids swarmed again.  Took their photos and showed them.  Some were such hams, and all were delighted to see themselves. 

 Tea on the terrace again before dinner.  Dinner was steak, roasted half potatoes, stir fry vegs.  And it rained all night. 

During the day saw an orange headed lizard, Southern Rock Agama, Red-capped Robin-Chat, Red-billed Firefinch, Silvery Cheeked Hornbill, Western Banded Snake Eagle, “a” bulbul but not identified.